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Italian Creativity
1965 New York World's Fair: 2015 Expo Milano
Celebrating 50 Years of Science and Technology


 

Italian Creativity
1965 New York World's Fair: 2015 Expo Milano
Celebrating 50 Years of Science and Technology

"The first desktop computer in the world": that is how America welcomed the launching of the new machine "Programma 101 (P 101) in New York in October 1965. A small group of "riotous" young Italian engineers lead by Pier Giorgio Perotto had created the machine at Olivetti, the Italian calculator manufacturer. At that time there were still very few computers; they were big and available to experts only. Instead, P101 could fit on a desktop and could be accessible to a simple employee. Its success was so huge that the US space agency NASA bought it and used it for its first mission to the moon (Apollo 11). Since then, Italy has continued to make significant contributions to the progress of technology. It is great history, with many Italian heroes!

In 1971, the Italian-American Federico Faggin created "Intel 4004", the first microprocessor in the world. Faggin is one of last century's greatest inventors , because his " computer on a chip" sparked the digital revolution which has changed our lives. Today's microchips are the "brain" in each of the "smart" devices we carry with us. That is why, in 2010, President Obama awarded Faggin the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the top recognition for technology innovators. In 1983, Nerio Alessandri , from Cesena in Emilia Romagna, hand built "Unica" in his garage, then started the wellness empire Technogym, the first company with Internet-embedded fitness machines . These have been used as the official training equipment at the last six Olympic games.

If FIAT , the Italian car manufacturer , was able to acquire Chrysler in 2009, it was in large part thanks to the "Common Rail", a technology invented by Mario Ricco at the FIAT Research Center in Bari in Apulia , south of Italy, in the 90's: it is a direct fuel injection system that lowers the emissions of polluting gases and increases performance. Since then it has been adopted by all car makers all over the world. In 2005, in Cornaredo (Milan), Benedetto Vigna, a nuclear physicist, and engineer Bruno Murari invented the accelerometer, the first of the new MEMS ( Micro - Electronic-Mechanical Systems): with the advantage of being tiny and inexpensive , they render any device or appliance "smart", from a smartphone to a washing machine.

In the same year, in Pisa, scientist Maria Chiara Carrozza headed the creation of a new type of cybernetic prosthesis " Cyberhand". In Genoa, scientists Roberto Cingolani and Giorgio Metta invented the baby robot "iCub".

In Ivrea , Piedmont, Massimo Banzi developed "Arduino", the open source hardware and software platforms which makers all over the world have been using , thus revolutionizing manufacturing. In 2007, in Versilia , Tuscany, Enrico Dini built "D-Shape", the first 3D printer to make very large objects, and in Minerbio (Bologna), Marco Astorri and Guy Cicognani produced the first "clean" plastic out of waste and bacteria. In 2014, the "Strati", the first car printed entirely in 3D, was built in the USA, but had been designed in Italy by Michele Anoe . All the above mentioned Italians have in common innovation and courage, the true ingredients for the best " Made in Italy". And the best has yet to come!



2015 Poster
This poster was created by IHCM Artistic Director John Battista De Santis. It will be available online via on demand printing. It will be available online via on demand printing. GET ONE HERE>>.

Past Years Celebrations

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2014 Celebrating the Italian American Experience Legends and Icons Italian Americans in Sports
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2013 2013 Year of Italian Culture in The United States
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2012 AMERIGO TO AMERICA: Amerigo Vespucci 1454-1512 The Legacy of Italians in the Americas
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2011 The 150th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy
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2010 A Salute to Italian and Italian American Women
Honoring Dr. Maria Montessori:
An Internationally Renowned Educator and Physician
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2009 Galileo Galilei: Father of Modern Astronomy 1564-1642
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2009 Giuseppe Petrosino: Saluting an Italian American Crime Fighter
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2008 Second half: Andrea Palladio
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2008 First half: Antonio Meucci
The TRUE Inventor of the Telephone
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2007 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Eroe dei due mondi, Hero of Two Worlds
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2006 The Leonardo Da Vinci Legacy
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2005 Focus on Giuseppe Mazzini
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2004 Amerigo Vespucci
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2003 Focus on Italian Opera
Celebrating The Centennial Enrico Caruso's Debut in America
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2002 Constantino Brumidi: Artist of the United States Capitol
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2001 Giuseppe Verdi: A Tribute to Italy's Patriotic Composer
2000 Italy in the Year 2000: Italian Heritage and Cultural Roots at the Threshold of the New Millennium
1999 The Italians of New York: Five Centuries of Struggle and Achievement
1998 New York City at 100: Italian Americans Commemorate the Immigrant Experience (Patria e famiglia)
1997 The
1996 Italy and its Regions (L'Italia delle Regioni)
1995 Guglielmo Marconi: Centennial of the Radio
1994 Italian Americans in Law: From Beccaria to Scalia
1993 The Legacy of Italy's Artistic and Cultural Contributions to the World
1992 Cristoforo Colombo 500th Anniversary: The Legacy Lives on
1991 Italian Americans: The Legacy of Cristoforo Colombo
1990 William Paca: Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Jurist, 3 times Governor of the State of Maryland
1989 Italians Reaching Out: Antonio Meucci, Inventor of the Telephone, and Mother Cabrini, Missionary of the Immigrants
1988 Lorenzo Da Ponte/Academia
1987 Year of the U.S. Constitution: Mazzei and the Italian Contribution
1986 Year of Lady Liberty
1985 Building America
1984 Year of the Etruscans
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1983 Italian Culture Week
1982 Italian Culture Week
1981 Italian Festival of the Arts
1980 Italian Culture Week
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1979 Italian Culture Week
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1978 Italian Week, Board of Education of New York
1977 Italian Culture Week
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1976 Italian
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